Funding Projects

United States Government






Somalia – Complex Emergency

Situation Report #4, Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 April 15, 2010

Note: The last situation report was dated March 10, 2010.


Since 1991, widespread violence, endemic poverty, recurrent droughts, and floods have generated a complex emergency in Somalia. From December 2006 to January 2009, fighting between the Somalia Transitional Federal Government (TFG), backed by Ethiopian forces, and armed militias opposed to the TFG led to further deterioration in humanitarian conditions. Following January 2009 Ethiopian troop withdrawals, conflict between armed militia groups in Somalia continues to displace populations and limit access to affected areas. As a result, nearly 569,000 Somali refugees have fled the country and approximately 1.39 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), including long-term IDPs and individuals displaced by increased fighting since February 2007, remain uprooted within Somalia.

On January 29, 2010, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) reported that more than 3.2 million people would require humanitarian assistance in Somalia through June 2010, representing a 9 percent decrease since July 2009. The January to June 2010 estimate includes 580,000 urban poor, nearly 1.25 million individuals residing in rural areas, and approximately 1.39 million IDPs. The combined effects of consecutive seasons of failed or poor rainfall, conflict, rising inflation, displacement, and diarrheal disease outbreaks have severely exacerbated food insecurity and resulted in a significant increase in acute malnutrition rates. U.N. and partner agencies are coordinating efforts to improve humanitarian access, but insecurity and targeted attacks against relief staff hinder the provision of emergency assistance to affected populations.

On October 1, 2009, U.S. Ambassador to Kenya Michael E. Ranneberger renewed the disaster declaration for the complex emergency in Somalia for FY 2010. USAID/OFDA staff continue to monitor humanitarian conditions and respond to the needs of affected populations in Somalia. NUMBERS AT A GLANCE SOURCE

Total Population in Need of Emergency Assistance

3.2 million

FSNAU – January 2010

IDPs in Somalia

1.39 million1

UNHCR2 – March 2010

Somali Refugees in East Africa and Yemen


UNHCR – March 2010

EU Commission Assistance to Somalia


EU Commission Assistance to Somalia: Fact and Figures

Summary: 22 April 2009, Brussels - European Commission Assistance to Somalia: fact and figures

Humanitarian Aid from the European Commission

  • € 45,8 million for 2008 alone
  • € 87 million since 2005
  • Focused on nutrition, water and sanitation, livestock, food security, shelter and assistance to internally displaced populations and assistance to Somali refugees in Kenya

Humanitarian Assistance in numbers
Somalis supported access to primary health care
Somalis treated for war wounds in Mogadishu
Somalis receiving food aid
IDPs and host communities supported with food aid purchased though Somali traders
Somalis directly assisted with improved access to water
Litres of water daily delivered over a 4-month drought period
Cooked meals provided per day
Total Somalis assisted with EC-funded humanitarian aid projects

Additionally, since 2006 the European Commission has allocated €13 million to assist Somali refugees in Kenya.

Development Aid from the European Commission

€ 278 million of Development Aid from 2003

Projects focus mainly on three sectors:

  1. Governance and security, including support to institutional building, reconciliation, rule of law, human rights and capacity building for Somali Non State Actors;
  2. Social sectors, including support to primary and secondary education, adult literacy, teacher and vocational training, health systems strengthening and maternal health care and improved access to safe water in urban and rural areas;
  3. Agriculture, livestock, food security and early warning.

Over the years, the European Commission has funded hundreds of development projects across all regions of Somalia. Recent success stories include:
  • Help for Non State Actors acquiring skills to contribute to peace building, reconciliation and dialogue
  • Access to quality basic education for thousands of young girls across Somalia
  • Assistance to farmers in Lower and Middle Shabelle to diversify production
  • Assistance to agro-pastoralists in Somaliland and Puntland through small scale irrigation & oasis farming
  • Support to veterinary services and livestock exports
  • Assistance to mixed agriculture, improvement of storage facilities and plant genetic resources
  • Vocational training for young adults in the field of business administration

€ 215.4 million for 2008-2013

Five programmes were approved in the course of 2008 worth a total €87 million:

Support to the Governance Sector
€30 million
Education Sector Development Programme
€30 million
The Food and Nutrition Security Analysis Unit (FNSAU)
€4 million
Operational support (air transport) services
€16 million
Technical and Operational support to development assistance to Somalia
€7 million
Total amount of the action programme
€ 87 million

Additionally, the EC Somalia Operations Unit contracted a number of projects worth a total €12.78 million. For the latter, a breakdown is provided below:

Start up package of support to the Transitional Federal Institutions
€4 million
Food Security Programme
€5 million
Support to NSAs
€2.5 million
Irrigation rehabilitation and agricultural diversification in the traditional banana growing areas of southern Somalia
€1.28 million
€12.78 million

Three new programmes presently in the pipeline in 2009:

Support to NSAs
€6 million
Support for the Economic Development of Somalia
€26 million
Irrigation rehabilitation and agricultural diversification in the traditional banana growing areas of southern Somalia
€1 million
Total amount of the action programme
€33 million

€ 190 million of Development Aid is currently being disbursed through an estimated 100 projects implemented in Somalia

Main implementing partners are international organisations such as the United Nations, the African Union, as well as Non Governmental Organisations working closely with Somali counterparts.

EC Development Assistance in numbers
Teachers trained in 2008 alone
Youth (including women) supported to acquire skills and earn a living
Households directly benefiting from rehabilitation of irrigation infrastructure
Households directly benefiting from support to agriculture and livestock production
Households directly benefiting from support to livestock production, processing and trade
Radio listeners daily receiving information on animal health and livestock trade and literacy education programmes
5 million
People directly benefiting from improved hygiene and sanitation
Urban households directly benefiting from increased access to improved drinking water
Rural households directly benefiting from increased access to improved drinking water

Development Aid for Security from the European Union

€ 13.3 million for the Rule of Law since 2003

The European Commission has been financing a multi-donor funded project implemented by UNDP. Under the project, 2,700 police officers have been trained and their incomes provisionally secured. Special police committees have been set up to monitor allegations of police abuse and protect the rights of prisoners. In Somaliland and Puntland community policing initiatives have been launched and two model prisons built (one in Hargeisa and one in Gardo). In addition, 1,500 former combatants have benefited from a Disarmament Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) component in Somaliland and Puntland, including financial support for family businesses. A further €16 million allocation is in the pipeline.

€ 35.5 million for the African Union Peacekeeping Mission AMISOM

The European Union is currently supporting the African Union Peacekeeping Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) with around 3400 forces on the ground. AMISOM's main objective is to provide support to the Somali Transitional Federal Institutions in their effort to stabilise the country and further dialogue and reconciliation. The EU has supported AMISOM since its inception through bilateral contributions from Member States and a total of €35.5 million from the European Development Fund funded African Peace Facility (APF). A €4.75 million contribution from the Instrument for Stability (IfS) is additionally assisting operations management through the Strategic Management Planning Unit, whilst other non-EU donors contributed to cover other costs of the mission. The most recent contribution from the APF (with a six-month duration up to 31 May 2009) should cover allowances of three battalions and construction works for the mission headquarters in Mogadishu

General Information on Somalia

  • Population : estimated 7.7 million
  • Area : 638 000 km²
  • Life expectancy : 46.2 years (2005)
  • Access to clean water : 29% (2004)
  • Internally displaced persons : 1,300,000

  • Ref: EC09-080EN
  • EU source: European Commission
  • UN forum: